With the increased mobility of human populations, diseases can quickly spread around the world. In addition, changes in vaccination practices have revealed an increase in communicable diseases that were once thought to be under control. These global health issues present new problems for community health officials.
In the Bentonville simulation, you learned how an influenza virus impacted the community. You will provide a PDF report of your completed activities.
In this task, you will also analyze an outbreak of a specific global communicable disease that occurred in the last 50 years that crossed international borders (e.g., the measles outbreak that moved from the Philippines to the United States).
Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide
You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.
A. Select one of the following communicable diseases that has had an outbreak across international borders:
• respiratory syndrome coronavirus
• meningococcal disease
• Ebola virus
• hepatitis B
• hepatitis C
• Zika virus
B. Describe the outbreak of the disease selected in part A, including each of the following:
• name of the disease
• the countries involved
• the date the outbreak was discovered
• the dates the disease reached each involved country
1. Analyze the epidemiological determinants and risk factors associated with the outbreak.
2. Discuss the route of transmission of the selected disease.
3. Discuss how an outbreak of the selected disease would impact your community at a systems level (e.g., the functioning of schools, local government, businesses, hospitals).
4. Explain what the reporting protocol would be if an outbreak of the selected disease were to occur in your community.
5. Discuss two strategies (e.g., patient education strategies, community education strategies) that you would recommend to prevent an outbreak of the selected disease in your community.
C. Submit a PDF of your score summary from Bentonville that includes each of the following completed activities:
• Influenza in Bentonville
• Community Advocacy
• Emergency Response
• Communicable Disease
Note: For an example of how your score sheet should look, refer to the attached “Sample Final Results Report: Influenza in Bentonville.”
D. Acknowledge sources, using in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.
E. Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission.
Despite the fact that disease patterns have changed considerably over the last couple of decades, communicable diseases have remained the leading cause of mortality as well as morbidity, particularly in developing countries. Spengler et al. (2016) have stressed that communicable diseases are diseases that can be spread easily from one person to another. There are typically caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and toxins. Taking this into account, the selected communicable disease for this paper is Ebola.
Description of Outbreak
According to Althaus (2014), Ebola was discovered first in 1976 new Ebola river in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since that time, Ebola has emerged periodically, infecting people in various countries across West Africa. However, the 2014-2016 outbreak is regarded as the largest in history. The outbreak was first recorded in March 2014 before being declared as a global epidemic by the World Health Organization on June 10 2016. As opined by Kamradt-Scott (2016), the Ebola outbreak in West African began in the rural areas of southeastern Guinea. From this point, it spread to urban areas as well as across borders within a few months. After a few months, Ebola was regarded as a global epidemic. Although Ebola spread to various parts of Africa, Europe, as well as the United States, the most affected countries were Guinea, Liberia, as well as Sierra Leone. While the exact dates for the spread of most countries across Africa is not specifically known, the first case of Ebola in the US was recorded on September 30 2014 from a man who had traveled to Texas from West Africa. The man, however, died on October 8, eight days later The outbreak ended with over 28,600 cases and 11,325 deaths (Kamradt-Scott, 2016).
Epidemiological Determinants and Risk Factors
Althaus (2014) has stressed that there exists a plethora of factors that fuelled the outbreak and spread of the Ebola virus. These included high population, a severe shortage of healthcare workers, cultural beliefs and behavioral practices. In regards to high population,…..Please click the icon below to purchase full answer at only $15