Week 4 Discussion: Probability
Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:
- OpenStax Textbook: Chapter 2, 3
- Lesson
- Minimum of 1 scholarly source
In your reference for this assignment, be sure to include both your text/class materials AND your outside reading(s).
Initial Post Instructions
Probability plays a major role in the medical community. Diagnoses are based on probabilities. They are really questions or “what if’s”, and are answered by the probability that the treatment will be the best for the ailment.
Let’s look at probability in terms of both the real world and the medical community.
- Survey 30 people to find out if they are left-handed or right-handed, and use the following chart to create a contingency table with the information.
Left handed Right handed Total Female Male Total
- Answer the following questions about the information in your contingency table:
- If a person is randomly selected from the survey participants, what is the probability that the person will be left-handed?
- If you randomly choose a female from the people you surveyed, what is the probability that she is left-handed?
- What is the odds ratio of choosing a left-handed female?
- What is the relative risk of choosing a left-handed female?
Example
Green | Blue | Total | |
Cats | 40 (A) | 20 (B) | 60 (A+B) |
Dogs | 30 (C) | 40 (D) | 70 (C+D) |
Total | 70 (A+C) | 60 (B+D) | 130 (A+B+C+D) |
- Probability of Green – (A+C)/(A+B+C+D): 70/130 = 0.54
- Probability of Green Cat – A/(A+B): 40/60 = 0.67
- Odds Ratio of Green Cat – (A/B)/(C/D) or AD/BC: (4040)/(2030) = 1600/600 = 2.67
- Relative Risk of Green Cat – [A/(A+C)]/[B/(B+D)]: (40/70)/(20/60) = 1.71
- Skim through at least one of the following articles on left-handed vs. right-handed people from the Chamberlain Library. Answer the following question: How do the probabilities and percentages for your study compare to those in the study you read?
- https://search-proquest-com.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/nahs/docview/211689160/DB2AB8D1E63B4638PQ/4?accountid=147674 (Links to an external site.)
- https://search-proquest-com.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/nahs/docview/1326739712/DB2AB8D1E63B4638PQ/10?accountid=147674 (Links to an external site.)
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.
Writing Requirements
- Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up)
- APA format for in-text citations and list of references
Solution:
Right-handed | Left-Handed | Total | |
Male | 15 | 3 | 18 |
Female | 10 | 2 | 12 |
Total | 25 | 5 | 30 |
- If a person is randomly selected from the survey participants, what is the probability that the person will be left-handed?
5/30=0.17
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