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This week, we are covering Alterations in Renal and Urinary Function. As you reflect on the concepts of fluid and electrolytes and acid/base balance covered in the last two weeks, tell us one alteration that could occur in fluid and electrolyte and acid/base balance due to a renal or urinary disorder.
Following the fact that renal organs such as kidneys are fundamental to regulation of fluid and electrolyte and acid/base balance, renal impairments, be it acute or chronic, can result in a myriad of alterations, such as hyperkalemia. As described by Albright (2019), hyperkalemia is a common and life-threatening electrolyte disorder related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It increases its prevalence with advancement in CKD. Hyperkalemia is classified into distinct categories including mild, moderate, severe characterized by 5.1-<6 mmol/l, 6-<7 mmol/l, and ≥7 mmol/l respectively (Pitt & Rossignol, 2017). It is highly crucial to confirm hyperkalemia diagnosis in order to exclude pseudo-hyperkalemia which may result from poor phlebotomy technique, hemolysis within the test-tube,….Please click the Paypal icon below to purchase full solution for only $5