Compare and contrast Carl Gustav Jung’s theory about the origin of religions with William James’s theory. How do each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Next, analyze how the insights of Jung or James might illuminate one of the religious traditions we have studied so far. How would Jung or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual).
According to Molloy (2013), both Carl Gustav Jung and William James played a fundamental role in explaining the religious theories that help in understating the existing religions across the world. In this view, Carl Gustav Jung considered religion as a natural collection of the collective unconscious. Taking this into account, he had subscribed to the school of thought that religion was beneficial to society. Therefore, from his point of view, there was a substantial need to ensure that religion stays forever (Kim, 2016). Carl Gustav Jung had also believed that religion was one of the primary ways of aiding the process of individuation.
On the other hand, in regards to William James, he was skeptical about religion and religious experiences. On this, he had divided religion into two: personal religion and institutional….Please click the Paypal icon below to purchase full solution for only $5